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Tactical Nuclear Weapons: An Answer to Cold Start Doctrine

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Tactical Nuclear Weapons(TNW) have been developed by Pakistan as an answer to India’s dangerous nuclear thought processes, radiating erratic war fighting concepts like: conducting a limited conventional war under nuclear over-hang and  Cold Start Doctrine, now renamed as Pro Active Operation . Hatf-IX-NASR-missile Indian strategic mindset prompted Pakistan to look for viable solutions in terms of compatible weapon systems. This necessity  has taken Pakistan forward in its quest for deterrence, or say avoidance of war. In this pursuit, development of tactical nuclear weapons, and short-range missiles to deliver them, has improved the country’s deterrence capability, thereby minimizing the  dangers of war in South Asia.  It is not fair to blame Pakistan for the  development of nuclear weapons, as it was India which started the race and after achieving the nuclear capability,  also began hurling threats on Pakistan. Pakistan was forced to go nuclear to safeguard  its security as it had suffered repeatedly at the hands of India in the past. Pakistan has neither resources nor intention to enter into an arms race with India; but it surely has to take steps to ward off imminent dangers to its security and survival.  Nuclear weapons cause havoc, therefore it is in the fitness of things to minimize the danger of escalation of any crisis into conflict leading to a shooting war. Development of tactical weapons is an  indication of Pakistan’s responsible behaviour to contain the threat and danger in the event of a war. No country with peaceful intentions towards Pakistan has to worry about Pakistan’s nuclear capability and potential. as it is purely meant to safeguard its interests against any aggression.  Security and safety of Pakistan’s  nuclear weapons as well as robustness of  its impeccable command and control system  have been acknowledged by World Class political leaders, strategists and technical experts.  Pakistan needs short range tactical nuclear missiles (TNW) to deter India.  Using TNWs is a cost-cutting method of matching the conventional battlefield strength of India. Moreover, it is easier to justify the use of a TNW against invading enemy formations ( in counter force role) than to justify launching a strategic missile against non-combatants (in counter value role). As part of composite dialogue with India, Pakistan’s offer of Strategic Restraint Regime  is still on the table.  Its essential components focus at addressing  conventional imbalance, nuclear weapons and  Missile systems.

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One comment

  1. M. Suleman Shahid

    Interesting. Intrinsically, there are three purposes of development of TNWs by Pakistan, first to counter Indian CSD, second counterweight to indian BMD system and third Indian conventional hegemony.

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