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Talks Can Diffuse the Tension Between India & Pakistan

Talks Can Diffuse the Tension Between India & Pakistan

 

Post from New York: by Ghulam Nabi Fai

There was a high level of optimism when India and Pakistan announced on September 20, 2018 to meet in New York on the sidelines of the current session of the United Nations General Assembly. But the dreams were shattered when Government of India unexpectedly announced the cancellation of these talks. This was stated by  Dr. Ghulam Nabi Fai , Secretary General, World Kashmir Awareness Forum during a rally at the United Nations headquarters in New York. Hundreds of protesters were shouting slogans while holding placards which read: India Honor UN Pledges; Kashmiri Lives Matter too; Freedom for All: Freedom for Kashmir; We Demand Right of Self-determination in Kashmir; Wake Up Wake Up UN Wake Up, etc.

He explained that this latest move by India proves that the dispute over Kashmir could not be settled through bilateral talks between New Delhi and Islamabad. He recounted the litany of failed of over 150 bilateral efforts within the past 70 years and said that the people of Kashmir steadfastly maintained that talks should include their leadership along with India and Pakistan to explore all the possible options to settle the Kashmir dispute once and for all.

Dr. Imtiaz Khan, President, Kashmiri American Council said that nothing better can be said about the situation in Kashmir. There is brutality, cruelty, suffering and pain everywhere in Kashmir. An iron-fisted military rule has prevailed there, featuring a staggering 700,000 Indian military and paramilitary forces. Major international and neutral human rights agencies have documented harrowing human rights violations committed by Indian military and paramilitary forces. Dr. Khan called upon the United Nations to persuade India and Pakistan to accede to international agreements and to initiate a meaningful dialogue between all parties concerned.

Sardar Abid Hussain Abid, former Minister of Information, AJK Government deplored the state of human rights and democratic values in Indian Occupied Kashmir. He said that Pakistan has always stood by the side of Kashmir’s demand of self-determination. Kashmir issue is about honoring the political and human rights of the people of Kashmir in accord with international law, justice and morality. Mr. Abid added that the issue of Kashmir is by no definition a border dispute between India and Pakistan. It is a problem that includes 22 million people of the erstwhile State of Jammu & Kashmir.

 Sardar Haleem Khan appealed the United Nations to seize the opportunity to promote an initiative towards bringing about conditions necessary for the settlement of the Kashmir dispute. Javed Rathore of Chicago said India’s war crimes in Kashmir are notorious. Its army kills civilians with impunity. The draconian laws, like ‘Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) grants virtual legal immunity to any type of war crimes against humanity perpetrated in Kashmir. Imtiaz Khan, New Jersey remained convinced that the people of Kashmir constitute the principle stakeholder and should be integral part of any future dialogue with India and Pakistan. Ms. Amna Habeeb said to negate the people of Kashmir their basic right to self-determination is a very dangerous game, particularly when the will and determination for Aazadi (freedom) has only grown stronger with the passage of time.

Raja Yaqoob of Chicago appealed the world powers to endorse the recommendations of the report submitted by the United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights for an impartial investigation about the situation in Kashmir. Yaseen Chohan of Chicago cautioned that the Indian army has engage in a sustained campaign of slaughter of the civilians. This act of barbarism must end. Sardar Sajid Khan said that the human rights atrocities committed against civilian population are commonplace. He denounced the torture and extrajudicial killings by Indian forces and appealed to the world powers to come to the rescue of the hapless people of Kashmir. Ms. Javaida Khanum (Maryland) said India has defied the United Nations Security Council resolutions for more than 7o years because she know that the people will never vote in her favor.

 

 

 

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Time to create Rakhine as a Muslim State for Rohingyas

Myanmar insists that Rohingyas are interlopers from Bangladesh despite most of them living for generations in western Rakhine state of Myanmar, they have long been denied basic political rights and liberties. Bangladesh does not accept that Rohingyas have a Bengali lineage. Anthropologists believe that Rohingya roots trace back to Saudi Arabia, who migrated to Myanmar (Burma) around 7th & 8th century AC. Except Bangladesh and Myanmar who think such a return as a good idea, there are hardly any buyers of such forced eviction. United Nations doesn’t want forced eviction to happen. United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, warned that forcing the first batch of about 2,200 Rohingya living in refugee camps to ground zero of mass violence against the minority Muslim group would be a “clear violation” of core international legal principles. Human Rights groups have called the move “dangerous and premature.” A number of Human Rights groups say “they are shocked”. Even the people who will be affected the most, Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar, are upset that their future, once again, is being decided without their input.So far Aung Suu Kyi’s leadership performance has been derisive. No one expected governing to be easy for her, as country’s leader. Her election had ended more than a half-century of military rule; yet the hegemony has not retrieved; and Bonapartism is galore. In pursuit of her over ambitious political objectives, she has been used and discredited by Junta. Suu Kyi had declared ending the long-running ethnic insurgencies that have torn the country apart as her top priority, but her lacklustre peace effort has proved ineffective. Ever since fighting between government forces and ethnic groups has been spiralling up. Though World has been shocked by reports that the military has carried out atrocities, including rape and murder, against the Rohingya, Aung Suu has said little on the matter and done even lesser. Her government’s growing suppression of speech on the Internet seems perverse for a onetime democracy icon who spent 15 years under house arrest. No wonders her popularity is on decline. Growth has slowed and foreign investment has dipped significantly. Suu Kyi faces daunting challenges. In rebuilding the country, she must overcome decades of mismanagement and profiteering by previous military governments that enriched the generals and their cronies and brought the economy to its knees. The biggest stain on Suu Kyi’s record may be her government’s brutal treatment of the Rohingya, and her tepid response to it. Prevailing World order is known for acting very fast in Muslim versus non-Muslim conflicts where outcome is likely to benefit non-Muslims. And it shows criminal negligence when Muslims are likely to gain through political settlement of any such conflict. When pushed too hard, conflict is settled in a way that it’s a paralytic outcome, ensuring mitigation of equitable advantage to Muslim faction of population. Some of the conflicts like Kashmir and Palestine are deliberately kept on back burners as their settlement would benefit Muslim segment of respective population. Myanmar’s Rohingya conflict also falls in “let ferment” category. Likewise is the situation about Afghan and Yemen crisis, as well as simmering Middle East and North African Muslim countries. Muslims are right to assume that current World Order has not served them a fair deal; and unless there is a significant change in its format, Muslims will continue to be marginalised at state, community and individual levels. But the billion dollar question is that how long the current World Political Order would take to assume ownership of Myanmar crisis? Time has already reached for declaring Rakhine as a sovereign State where Rohingyas could live peacefully and practice their religion peacefully.

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